2 Nephi 2: 28–30

The Text

28And now, my sons, I would that ye should look to the great mediator and hearken unto his great commandments—and be faithful unto his words, and choose eternal life according to the will of his Holy Spirit, 29and not choose eternal death according to the will of the flesh and the evil which is therein, which giveth the spirit of the devil power to captivate, to bring you down to hell that he may reign over you in his own kingdom.

30I have spoken these few words unto you all, my sons, in the last days of my probation. And I have chosen the good part, according to the words of the prophet. And I have none other object save it be the everlasting welfare of your souls. Amen. Continue reading

2 Nephi 2:25-27

The Text

25 Adam fell that men might be; and men are, that they might have joy.

26 And the Messiah cometh in the fulness of time, that he may redeem the children of men from the fall. And because that they are redeemed from the fall they have become free forever, knowing good from evil; to act for themselves and not to be acted upon, save it be by the punishment of the law at the great and last day, according to the commandments which God hath given.

27 Wherefore, men are free according to the flesh; and all things are given them which are expedient unto man. And they are free to choose liberty and eternal life, through the great Mediator of all men, or to choose captivity and death, according to the captivity and power of the devil; for he seeketh that all men might be miserable like unto himself. Continue reading

2 Nephi 2:22-24

Dates: March 25 – 30

2 Nephi 2: 22-25

22And now, behold, if Adam had not transgressed, he would not have fallen, but he would have remained in the garden of Eden, and all things which were created must have remained in the same state which they were after they were created, and they must have remained forever and had no end. 23And they would have had no children. Wherefore they would have remained in a state of innocence—having no joy, for they knew no misery; doing no good, for they knew no sin. 24But behold, all things have been done in the wisdom of him who knoweth all things.  25Adam fell that men might be, and men are that they might have joy. Continue reading

2 Nephi 2:19–21

The Text: 2 Nephi 2:19-21

19And after Adam and Eve had partaken of the forbidden fruit, they were driven out from[i] the garden of Eden to till the earth. 20And they have brought forth children—yea, even the family of all the earth. 21And the days of the children of men were prolonged according to the will of God, that they might repent while in the flesh. Wherefore, their state became a state of probation, and their time was lengthened, according to the commandments which the Lord God gave unto the children of men—for he gave commandment[ii] that all men must repent, for he showed unto all men that they were lost because of the transgression of their parents. Continue reading

2 Nephi 2:14–16

The Text: 2 Nephi 2:14–16

14And now, my sons,[i] I speak unto you these things for your profit and learning, for there is a God, and he hath created all things—both the heavens and the earth, and all things that in them is,[ii] both things to act and things to be acted upon. 15And to bring about his eternal purposes in the end of man, after he had created our first parents, and the beasts of the field, and the fowls of the air—and in fine, all things which are created—it must needs be that there was an opposition, even the forbidden fruit in opposition to the tree of life, the one being sweet and the other[iii] bitter. 16Wherefore, the Lord God gave unto man that he should act for himself. Wherefore, man could not act for himself save it should be that he were[iv] enticed by the one or the other. Continue reading

2 Nephi 2:12-13 – Opposition Again!

My last post was—my apologies anew!—too long, too philosophical, and too speculative, all at once. Let me see if I can’t be a bit more down to earth—and a bit briefer!—this time around. I’ll just offer a kind of brief (and rather rambly) interpretation of the passage. At any rate, here’s the text:

Wherefore, it must needs have been created for a thing of naught. Wherefore, there would have been no purpose in the end of its creation. Wherefore, this thing must needs destroy the wisdom of God and his eternal purposes—and also the power and the mercy and the justice of God. And if ye shall say there is no law, ye shall also say there is no sin. And if ye shall say there is no sin, ye shall also say there is no righteousness. And if there be no righteousness, there be no happiness. And if there be no righteousness, nor happiness, there be no punishment nor misery. And if these things are not, there is no God. And if there is no God, we are not, neither the earth—for there could have been no creation of things, neither to act, nor to be acted upon. Wherefore, all things must have vanished away.

Let me begin with a number of textual issues, all of which I’ll try to handle quickly. I’ll present these as a series of questions and (possible) answers. Continue reading

2 Nephi 2:11 – Opposition!

2 Nephi 2:11 – Opposition

Well, I’ve written another ridiculously long post. My apologies in advance.

We come, at last, to what’s arguably the most philosophical passage in the whole Book of Mormon: Lehi’s claims about opposition. Here’s the text:

For it must needs be that there is an opposition in all things. If not so, my firstborn in the wilderness, righteousness could not be brought to pass, neither wickedness—neither happiness nor misery, neither good nor bad. Wherefore, all things must needs be a compound in one. Wherefore, if it should be one body it must needs remain as dead, having no life, neither death, nor corruption, nor incorruption, happiness nor misery, neither sense nor insensibility.

Even to get started on discussion, it seems to me, there are any number of preliminary considerations to be addressed. Feel free, of course, to skip past these, but be warned that I’ll be assuming what I “establish” in this first part of the post. Continue reading

2 Nephi 2:10

And because of the intercession for all, all men come unto God; wherefore, they stand in the presence of him, to be judged of him according to the truth and holiness which is in him. Wherefore, the ends of the law which the Holy One hath given, unto the inflicting of the punishment which is affixed, which punishment that is affixed is in opposition to that of the happiness which is affixed, to answer the ends of the atonement— Continue reading